The annual Economic Survey of Delhi, was undertaken by the Delhi Government on June 24, 2015, for the financial year 2015-16 respectively. After a thorough and an intensive research, a group of analysts and financial experts, affiliated to the Aam Aadmi Party (AAP), came up with this survey. Broadly speaking, Delhi has the second highest per capita income, with Rs. 2.8 lakhs, after Goa. Delhi’s income is thrice the amount of the per capita income at the national level. Here is the rundown on the Economic Survey of Delhi 2015-16:-
About the Delhi Economy:-
- The Gross State Domestic Product (GSDP) of Delhi at current prices during 2014-15 was Rs. 4,51,154 crore, which recorded a growth of 15.35% over the previous year.
- The real growth in GSDP of Delhi i.e. at constant prices during 2014-15 was 8.2%, as compared to 7.4% recorded at the national level.
- The tertiary sector plays a pivotal role in Delhi’s economy, as its contribution is about 90% in the state income at constant prices, followed by 10% contribution of industry and agriculture sectors.
- Delhi’s per capita income during 2014-15 at current prices has been worked out at Rs. 2.41 lakh as against Rs. 2.12 lakh during 2013-14, showing an annual increase of 13.49%. The per capita income of Delhi is almost three times higher than the per capita income of Rs. 87,748 at national level.
- The Tax Collection of the Delhi Government registered a growth of 2.64% in 2014-15, as compared to the growth of 10.61% in 2013-14.
- Delhi has maintained its consistent revenue surplus which was Rs. 6079.53 crore in 2014-15, as compared to Rs. 5615.37 crore in 2013-14.
- The Delhi Government had a fiscal deficit of Rs. 221.25 crore during 2014-15, which is 0.049% of GSDP, as compared to all states estimated figure of 2.35% of GDP during 2014-15.
- The expenditure incurred on social service sectors in Delhi increased from 48.79% in the 10th Five Year Plan (FYP) to 57.12% in the 11th FYP and 65.75% for the first three years of 12th FYP.
- The number of Dealers registered under DVAT/Sales Tax increased from 2.24 lakh in 2009-10 to 2.64 lakh in 2013-14 and receipts has increased from Rs. 9801.09 crore to Rs. 16176.69 crore in the same period.
The Demographic Profile:-
- As per the Census of India 2011, about 97.50% of the Delhi population lives in urban area.
- The rural area of Delhi reduced from 558.32 sq.metres in 2001 to 359.35 sq.metres in 2011.
- The numbers of villages have also declined from 165 in 2001 to 110 in 2011.
- The density of population has increased from 9340 persons per sq.km in 2001 to 11320 persons per sq.km in 2011.
- The sex ratio of Delhi has improved slightly from 821 in 2001 to 868 in 2011.
- The population of Delhi as on March 2011 was 167.88 lakh. The decennial population growth of Delhi during 2001-2011 was 20.96%, as compared to around 50% in each decade between 1961-1991 and 47% in 1991-2001.
Forest and Rural Development:-
- Delhi has tree cover area of 297.81 sq. km in 2013, which is 20.08% of the total area of Delhi. There were 42 city forests before that and now there are 86 of them.
- The number of agricultural operational holdings has reduced from 25,311 in 2005-06 to 20,497 in 2010-11.
- The gross cropped area has reduced from 52,816 hectares in 2000-01 to 34,312 hectares in 2014-15. The main reasons behind such reduction are fast urbanization and shift in occupational pattern especially during the last two decades.
- There were 49 government veterinary hospitals, 26 veterinary dispensaries, two laboratory and research centres in 2014-15 for providing veterinary facilities in Delhi.
- The electricity supply in Delhi has increased from 23,537 million units in 2005-06 to 37484 million units in 2014-15.
- The total number of electricity consumers in Delhi is 54.05 lakh in 2014-15 and power consumption recorded an annual growth of 3.63%.
- The peak demand increased from 3626 MW in 2005-06 to 5925 MW in 2014-15.
- AT&C losses in Delhi reduced significantly from 52% in the pre-reform era to 12.83% in 2014-15.
- To encourage the use of solar energy, a new Solar Photovoltaic (SPV) power plant of 2.14 MWp at the Indira Gandhi International Airport has been successfully installed and commissioned.
- The New Delhi Municipal Council (NDMC) area will be developed as a solar city by installing SPV panels on all rooftops of government buildings, metro stations and bus stops.
- The total number of motor vehicles on road in Delhi as on March 31, 2015 touched 88.27 lakh, showing an increase of 6.4% over previous year.
- The road network of Delhi has increased from 32,131 lane km in 2007-08 to 33,198 lane km in 2014-15.
- The average ridership of Delhi Metro has touched 28 lakh per day in 2014-15.
- 238 Metro Feeder Bus services are available at 41 Metro Stations with different routes, to help the commuters in having a smooth movement to the nearest metro station.
- The Delhi Transport Corporation (DTC) operates 3781 low floor AC and non-AC CNG buses and has 924 standard floor buses, to take care of about 39 lakh passengers daily.
- 1406 cluster buses are currently operational in 10 clusters of Delhi by both the private sectors and corporate carriage operators.
- CCTV cameras have been installed on a pilot basis in 200 DTC buses for enhanced women security.
- A new common mobility card, called the ‘More’ Card, will be launched by the Delhi Government for seamless travel in Metro, DTC buses and metro feeder buses. It can also be used for parking facilities and can be used for payments in big supermarkets, thereby not burdening customers to carry a huge amount of paper money. Around 500 card readers will be installed on a pilot basis in the next two years.
Housing and Water Supply:-
- As per the 2011 Census of India report, around 81% of total households were having piped water supply system.
- The total number of water connections provided by Delhi Jal Board(DJB) increased from 17.85 lakh in 2009-10 to 20.65 lakh in 2013-14.
- About 142 MGD of treated wastewater is being utilized for cooling of power plants, horticulture, parks and irrigation of crops and plants.
- About 98% of total population of Delhi is residing in urban areas. There is a near universal electrification and 99% of the households have access to sanitation facilities.
- About 31.76 lakh houses (78%) were being used exclusively for residential purposes in 2011.
- The Delhi Urban Shelter Improvement Board (DUSIB) has set up around 280 night shelters to provide shelters to the homeless population.
- Delhi has a variety of quality schools, colleges and universities as well as centres for research and higher education with male and female literacy of 91.03% and 80.93% respectively.
- The literacy rate of Delhi is around 87%, which is much higher than the all-India level of 74%, as per the 2011 Census of India.
- The Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi (GNCTD) has invested massively in the education sector for improving education, both in qualitative and quantitative terms. Around 20% of the total budget of 2014-15 was allocated to the education sector.
- The total number of schools increased from 5043 in 2009-10 to 5798 in 2014-15.
- The number of students enrolled in schools increased from 37.38 lakh in 2009-10 to 44.13 lakh in 2014-15.
- About 25,000 students got admission under the Economically Weaker Section (EWS) quota in 1200 recognized private unaided schools.
- The number of students in Industrial Training Institutes (ITIs) and Polytechnics increased from 22,070 in 2009-10 to 28,628 in 2013-14, with a growth of 30% in the last five years.
- More than 16,000 trainees were trained under the ‘Skill Development Mission’ during 2014-15.
- Delhi has a wide network of health sector infrastructure, comprising 95 hospitals, 1389 dispensaries, 267 maternity homes, 973 polyclinics and 16 medical colleges.
- The total number of hospital beds increased from 41,706 in 2010 to 48,096 in 2014. Simultaneously, the bed population ratio increased from 2.54 to 2.71 in the same period.
- About 82% of the total births were institutional in 2013-14.
- Delhi enjoys a relatively high life expectancy of 74 years, which is six years more than the national average of 68.
Social Security and Welfare:–
- Around 95 Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) projects with a network of 10,897 Anganwadi Centers, took care of 14.58 lakh pregnant and lactating women and children upto the age of six years.
- About 3.32 lakh senior citizens were provided monthly old-age pension during 2014-15.
- About 7.5 lakh girls registered under ‘Ladli Yojana’ and 84,305 girls received the final maturity value upto March 2015.
- Around 101 Recreation Centres for senior citizens were functioning in 2014-15, for which the state government is providing Rs. 75,000 for setting up of a center and Rs. 20,000 for operational expenses.
- About 3400 households were provided financial support of Rs. 10,000 under National Family Benefit Scheme (NFBS) during the year 2014-15.
- Financial assistance is being provided by the Delhi Government for the purchase of stationery, scholarship and meritorious scholarship to SC/ST/OBC/minorities students studying in grades 1st to 12th.
- About 27,000 students of SC/ST/OBC/minority category studying in recognized unaided public schools, got reimbursement of tuition fee.
Public Distribution System:-
- Delhi is one of pioneer states in implementation of the National Food Security Act 2013, implementing it since September 1, 2013.
- Around 17.68 lakh National Food Security Smart Cards have been issued to eligible households and all the digital Food Security Cards are Aadhaar-enabled.
- The number of persons living below the poverty line in Delhi has reduced from 23.3 lakhs (14.2%) in 2009-10, to 16.96 lakhs (9.91%) in 2011-12.