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Nirmala Sitharaman became first full time woman Defence Minister of India after she was promoted to the Union Cabinet. She takes charge of the crucial ministry from Union Finance Minister Arun Jaitley. Interestingly, this is the second cabinet reshuffle after Prime Minister Narendra Modi came to power in 2014.

Ms. Sitharaman is second woman to become the Defence Minister of India. The inaugural holder was former Prime Minister Indira Gandhi, who held the portfolio of Defence Minister from 1980-82, along with the Prime Minister portfolio.

Before her elevation in the NDA-led BJP government at the centre, she was the Minister of State (MoS) for Finance and Corporate Affairs and Minister for Commerce and Industry with independent charge. Before that she was national spokesperson for Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP). She was member of National Commission for Women (NCW) from 2003-05. She is founder member of Pranava School in Hyderabad.




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According to study conducted by researchers from University of Southampton, UK, extreme global warming, that started happening around 56 million years ago was driven by massive carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from volcanoes during the formation of North Atlantic Ocean.

They had used combination of new geochemical measurements and novel global climate modelling to show that Palaeocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum (PETM) was associated with rapid doubling of atmospheric CO2, in less than 25 thousand years because of CO2 emissions from volcanoes.

The PETM was the most rapid and extreme natural global warming event in the last 66 million years. It had lasted for around 150 thousand years and increased global temperatures by atleast 5 degrees Celsius. Its period coincided with the formation of massive ‘flood basalts’ large stretches of ocean floor coated in lava, resulting from of a series of huge eruptions.

Earlier, it was suggested that PETM event was caused by injection of CO2 into ocean and atmosphere, but the ultimate trigger source of CO2 was not known. Now, researchers believe that, the CO2 was released during land drifts, separating Greenland from north-western Europe, thereby creating North Atlantic Ocean.

During this time, more than 10,000 petagrammes of CO2 was released predominantly from volcanic source. This is a vast amount of CO2, 30 times larger than all fossil fuels burned to date and equivalent to all current conventional and unconventional fossil fuel reserves.



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Bangladesh have claimed their first-ever Test win over Australia and one of the most memorable in their cricket history after triumphing by just 20 runs on a thrilling fourth day in Dhaka. In his 50th Test but his first against Australia, Shakib Al Hasan confirmed his status as the game’s leading allrounder with one of the finest individual efforts the game has seen, finishing with match figures of 10-153 to add to his first-innings knock of 84.

It’s just the 10th time in 101 matches, Bangladesh have been on the winning side of a Test, and there were jubilant scenes of celebration when Taijul Islam (3-60) claimed the final wicket to seal a nail-biting victory. Opener David Warner’s brilliant knock of 112 from just 135 balls saw him finish with close to half of Australia’s fourth innings total of 244, a valiant knock that went in vain as his teammates capitulated on a deteriorating Mirpur pitch, losing 8-86 to surrender the series opener.

Pat Cummins’ unbeaten 33, which included two towering sixes, had Australia dreaming of an extraordinary victory but Bangladesh erupted when No.11 Josh Hazlewood was lbw to Taijul. Bangladesh’s victory comes less than 12 months after defeating England at the same venue and their win over Australia confirms the Tigers – for so long written off as the minnows of world cricket -have risen as a legitimate force.

Australia’s enduring vulnerability to spin-bowling on the subcontinent remains a major concern and they’ve now won just one of their past 16 Tests in Asia. Apart from Warner, skipper Steve Smith (37) and Cummins were the only players to score more than 15 in the second innings as 19 of the 20 Australian wickets in the match fell to spin (the other was a run-out). At 2-109 in pursuit of 265 for victory, the visitors began the day with all the momentum thanks to an unbroken 81-run stand between Warner and Smith the previous evening. And just as they had done late on day three, Bangladesh’s spinners initially appeared hesitant against the visitors’ leadership duo.

While Shakib has been Bangladesh’s trump card, his fellow tweaker Mehedi Hasan had arguably been as impressive in Australia’s first dig after accounting for both Warner and Smith. Here though the 19-year-old off-spin prodigy struggled to match his cunning earlier work and Warner in particular was brutal on his frequent drag-downs.

The Australia vice-captain was in stunning touch. He faced just four balls of pace bowling for his entire innings and carved the Bangladesh spinners with a dazzling array of sweeps, advancing drives and pulls. In their first innings, Australia barely got a break from the home side’s bowlers but Warner looked to have almost single-handedly destroyed their confidence.

Shakib, the heartbeat of this spirited Test side, kicked the dirt as Warner waltzed down and smacked him against the spin through cover as he approached triple figures.
The left-hander brought up his 19th Test hundred (the same number as fellow Australian southpaws Mark Taylor and Mike Hussey) with a back-foot punch off Taijul, high-fiving skipper Smith as he turned back for a second run.

His determined delight was clear to see, with the dashing opener having gone 19 Test innings on the subcontinent without a hundred. But while Australia looked be flying towards victory with the pair seemingly in control, the resolute Shakib inspired another twist in this gripping contest, trapping Warner lbw for 112 before Smith edged the left-armer behind for 37 four overs later.

Suddenly the tourists had two new batsmen at the crease in Glenn Maxwell and Peter Handscomb and the 94 runs still required looked a far more imposing task. And when Handscomb’s cut off Taijul was brilliantly caught on the second attempt by Soumya Sarka at slip, Australia needed another 78 with half their wickets gone.

As reserve quick Taskin Ahmed geed up an expectant Mirpur crowd and the Bangladesh fielders around the bat cried in unison for every half-shout, a now rampant Shakib struck Matthew Wade (four) in front, the wicketkeeper-batsman desperately using his team’s final review in a bid to overturn the lbw call. From that point, Bangladesh closed in, Ashton Agar quickly becoming Australia’s fifth victim in the morning session when he bunted a simple return catch to Taijul to give him a second scalp as the tourists limped to lunch in much worse shape than they’d been two hours earlier.

From the first ball after the interval, Shakib clean-bowled Maxwell for 14 with one that kept low, becoming the first player in Test history to claim 10 wickets and post a total of more than 80 on two separate occasions, having first achieved the feat against Zimbabwe in 2014. This though, with all due respect to Zimbabwe, will go down as the allrounder’s finest hour in a decorated career. And while Cummins and Nathan Lyon (12) brought Australia within 40 runs of their target, the latter had to depart when he gloved a sweep off Taijul and was caught by a juggling Sarkar running around from slip.

Despite going down with a side injury the previous day and being ruled out for the rest of the tour, Hazlewood bravely came out to bat. The Blues quick gamely fended defensively and left where possible, as Cummins looked to farm the strike.

Their plan worked for long enough to see Cummins swat a couple of maximums over midwicket, which briefly had both teams contemplating the unthinkable, before Hazlewood’s dismissal had the hosts’ delirious players scrambling for the match stumps – six souvenirs with a pretty good story to tell.



Microsoft is planning to release its next major Windows 10 update on October 17th. The software giant has been testing Windows 10 Fall Creators Update for the majority of this year, and it includes a number of features and changes.

The biggest addition is Windows Mixed Reality, Microsoft’s platform for new VR headsets from Acer, Asus, Dell, HP, and Lenovo. The Mixed Reality software is now fully part of Windows 10 with the Fall Creators Update, and some headsets will be available on October 17th, with others arriving later this year.

Microsoft had planned some far bigger features for the Windows 10 Fall Creators Update, but the company ended up delaying most of them to the next update planned early next year. A new Timeline feature has been cut, which will eventually let Windows 10 users switch between multiple devices, including Android and iOS phones. A universal clipboard feature for copying data between phones and PCs has also been delayed.

Windows 10 Fall Creators Update will include the new People integration, allowing users to pin their favorite contacts to the taskbar. Microsoft is also including OneDrive Files On-Demand with the Fall Creators Update, bringing back the old placeholders feature to let you easily fetch files from OneDrive without having to sync them or download entire folders. Parts of Microsoft’s new Fluent Design will be included in the Fall Creators Update, bringing some subtle design changes to built-in apps.

One of the best smaller additions is a new emoji picker, that has been activated by using a new winkey + period/semicolon keyboard shortcut. It is a much quicker way of finding an emoji within any Windows 10 apps. Microsoft is also including a beta version of its integrated eye tracking software, and big improvements to stylus support for handwriting gestures and converted text.

Microsoft is currently finalizing the Windows 10 Fall Creators Update, with Windows Insiders testing the builds for bug fixes. It is expected to be completed by the end of September, and Windows Insiders will be the first to run the final version of the Fall Creators Update. Microsoft is now moving on to its next major Windows 10 update, which is currently codenamed as Redstone 4.



The Delhi Metro Rail Corporation (DMRC) today launched ‘High speed Free Wi-Fi’ facility at Metro stations on its Blue Line i.e, Line-3/4 (Dwarka Sec-21 to Noida City Centre/Vaishali). DMRC’s Managing Director, Dr. Mangu Singh formally launched the facility from the Rajiv Chowk Metro station.

The facility titled “Oui DMRC Free Wi-Fi” will be available on all 50 stations of the Blue Line. A person will be able to log in simply by searching for Wi-Fi options and log into “Oui DMRC Free Wi-Fi” after doing a onetime registration through their mobile phones. With this facility, passengers will be able to use all standard internet applications inside the station premises like E-Mail, Facebook, Google, and other social media platforms; as well as live streaming of cricket and football matches.

For providing this free wifi facility, DMRC has tied up with a consortium led by M/s Techno Sat Comm, which is already providing the same facility on all six Metro stations of the Airport Express Line from October 2016. It is also running India’s first Wi-Fi on train service on the Delhi-Howrah Rajdhani Express. The facility will use the globally acclaimed “T-Track 2.0 Wave 2 Solution”, which is also used on high speed trains worldwide.

DMRC aims at launching “Oui DMRC Free Wi-Fi” on all operational Metro stations and trains in a phased manner. It is expected that in another 6-9 months’ time, the same facility will be made available on all stations of Yellow Line (Line-2 i.e, HUDA City Centre to Samaypur Badli) and inside all trains of the Airport Express Line.



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Wishing all my readers a very happy 71st Independence Day from our side. Our Prime Minster, Shri Narendra Modi addressed the nation from the ramparts of the Red Fort, in Delhi on 15th August. Following are the highlights from his speech:

  1. Greetings to my fellow Indians on Independence Day.

  2. For the freedom and glory of the country, those who have contributed, those who suffered and sacrificed their lives, I salute all those noble souls, mothers and sisters on behalf of 125 crore people of the country from the ramparts of the Red Fort.

  3. We remember the great women and men who worked hard for India’s freedom.

  4. People of India stand shoulder to shoulder with those affected in the wake of natural disasters in parts of the country and the death of children in the hospital.

  5. This is a special year- 75th anniversary of Quit India, 100th anniversary of Champaran Satyagraha, 125th anniversary of Ganesh Utsav.

  6. The Quit India Movement was “Bharat Chhodo,” but the call today is “Bharat Jodo.”

  7. We have to take the country ahead with the determination of creating a ‘New India’.

  8. From 1942 to 1947, the country had demonstrated collective strength, in the coming 5 years, we have to take the country forward with the same collective strength, commitment and hard work.

  9. In our nation, there is no one big or small, everybody is equal. Together we can bring a positive change in the nation.

  10. We have to move forward for making a New India with the collective strength of 125 crore people without any discrimination of small and big people.

  11. 1st January 2018 will not be an ordinary day- those born in this century will start turning 18. They are Bhagya Vidhatas of our nation.

  12. We have to leave this ‘Chalta Hai’ attitude. We have to think of ‘Badal Sakta Hai’- this attitude will help us as a nation.

  13. The country has changed, is changing and can change. We have to move forward with this belief and commitment.

  14. Security of the country is our priority. Internal security is our priority. Whether it is our oceans or borders, cyber world or space for all kind of security India is capable to defeat all such inimical forces.

  15. Our uniformed forces have achieved the pinnacle of sacrifice in fighting left-wing extremism, terrorism, infiltration and elements disturbing peace. The world had to recognise the strength of India and it clout in the surgical strike.

  16. One rank, One Pension policy has boosted the morale of our security forces.

  17. Those who have looted the nation and looted the poor are not able to sleep peacefully today.

  18. No law was passed for those having Benami property for years. However after the recent passage of the Benami Act, within a short span of time, government has confiscated Benami property worth Rs. 800 crores when these things happen, common men feel that this country is for the honest people.

  19. Today, we are celebrating the “festival of honesty”.

  20. GST has shown the spirit of cooperative federalism. The nation has come together to support GST & the role of technology has also helped.

  21. Today, the poor of the country is joining the main stream and the country is moving torwards the path of progress.

  22. Good governance is about speed and simplification of processes.

  23. India’s stature in the world is rising. The world is with us in fighting the menace of terror. I thank all nations helping us doing so.

  24. We have to work for the progress of Jammu and Kashmir.

  25. There is no question of being soft of terrorism or terrorists.

  26. Neither by bullet: nor by abuses but by hugging we can solve the problem of Kashmir.

  27. Our fight against black money and corruption will continue. We are trying to bring transparency through technology.

  28. There is no question of being soft on terrorism or terrorists.

  29. People would be the driving force behind the establishment, rather than the other way around – Tantra se Lok nahin, Lok se tantra chalega.

  30. New India will be the biggest strength of democracy.

  31. Nature of job is changing with changing demand and changing technology.

  32. We are nurturing our youngsters to be job creators and not job seekers.

  33. I want to mention those women who have to suffer due to ‘Triple Talaq’- I admire their courage. We are with them in their struggles.

  34. India is about Shanti, Ekta and Sadbhavana. Casteism and communalism will not help us.

  35. Violence in the name of ‘Astha’ is not something to be happy about, it will not be accepted in India.

  36. The country is being run by peace, unity and harmony. It is our civilisation and culture to take everybody along.

  37. We are taking the nation on a new track (of development) and are moving ahead with speed.

  38. We are devoting significant attention to eastern India- Bihar, Assam, West Bengal, Odisha, Northeast. These parts have to grow further.

  39. Our farmers have worked hard to ensure a Record foodgrain production.

  40. Over 5.75 crore farmers have been covererd under Pradhan Mantri Fasal Beema Yojaana.

  41. Under Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana, 30 projects have been completed while work is on for 50 more projects.

  42. Under Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samapada Yojana we are providing handholding to the farmers from availing seeds to accessing the markets for their produce.

  43. More than 14000 un-electrified villages have been electrified.

  44. 29 crore Jan Dhan accounts opened.

  45. More than 8 crore youth have received loans without any guarantee.

  46. We are fighting corruption – for the bright future of India and the wellbeing of our people.

  47. Our fight against black money and corruption will continue and move forward and the loot in the country will not be allowed.

  48. Our strive for a Corruption Free India has yielded results.

  49. Black money worth Rs. 1.25 lakh crore has been unearthed.

  50. Over 1.75 lakh fake companies have been shut down.

  51. Post GST savings and efficiency in transportation sector has increased. Efficiency has gone up by 30 percent.

  52. More money has come to the banks due to demonetization which will give impetus to the economy.

  53. Our country has the world’s largest youth population. Today is the era of IT and let’s move ahead on the path of digital transaction.

  54. Let us lead from front, promote digital economy and adopt the Bhim App.

  55. We have moved from Co-operative Federalism to Competitive Co-operative federalism.

  56. It had been said in the old scriptures that if a work is not completed on time, one does not get the desired results.

  57. For the Team India it is the right time to commit for a New India.

  58. We shall build together an India, where the poor will have concrete houses with water and electricity connection.

  59. We will build such an India, where the farmers will have a peaceful sleep without any worry. He will earn double than what he is earning today.

  60. Our resolve is to build an India, which provides all the opportunities to the youth and women to fulfil their dreams.

  61. Our resolve is to build such an India, free from terrorism, communalism and casteism.

  62. We will build together an India, where there will be no place for nepotism and corruption.

  63. We will build together such an India, which will be clean, healthy and fulfil the dream of self-rule (Swaraj).

  64. We aspire to build a Divya and Bhavya Bharat.



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NDA nominee and former Union Minister Venkaiah Naidu was elected as the 13th Vice President of India after comfortably defeating Opposition candidate Gopalkrishna Gandhi in the Vice-Presidential election 2017. While Naidu secured 516 votes in his favour, Gandhi managed to get only 244 votes.

Over 98% voting was recorded in the vice-presidential election. 771 out of 785 MPs have voted in the election, however 11 votes were found to be invalid.

In the 2007 Vice-Presidential poll, incumbent Hamid Ansari had secured 456 votes, while Najma Heptullah bagged 222 votes and Rashid Masood 075 votes. During the 2012 polls, Ansari had secured 490 to NDA nominee Jaswant Singh’s 238 votes.

“Coming from an agricultural background, I never imagined I would be here. Agriculture has no proper voice in Indian polity,” India’s vice president-elect said after being elected. “I will seek to utilise the vice presidential institution to strengthen the hands of the president and secondly uphold the dignity of the Upper House,” Venkaiah Naidu added.

Congratulating Naidu on his victory, Prime Minister Narendra Modi said, “Congratulations to Venkaiah Naidu Garu on being elected India’s Vice President. My best wishes for a fruitful and motivating tenure.” The Prime Minister also expressed confidence that the Vice-President elect will serve the nation as a diligent and dedicated Vice President, committed to the the goal of nation building.

Born to a humble agricultural family in Nellore district of Andhra Pradesh, 68-year-old Naidu was interested in politics since his childhood and joined ABVP in 1973. After completing his graduation, Naidu pursued his law from Andhra University in Visakhapatnam. He first entered in the mainstream politics with ‘Jai Andhra Movement’ of 1972, and later joined BJP in 1980.

He became famous with the common people because of his outspoken skill and ability to work at the ground level. He won the assembly election twice in 1978 and 1983 from Udayagiri constituency, and became the Rajya Sabha MP thrice in 1998, 2004 and 2010.

He served as a cabinet minister both under the Vajpayee-led government and Modi government. He served as a Minister of Urban Development, and also as a Parliamentary Affairs Minister under Modi government. He was elected as the national President of BJP in 2002. In his tenure, he had launched ‘Gaon Chalo Abhiyan’ where the party leaders reached out to the villagers at every corner of the country and also launched ‘Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana’.